Cottage Information

Monarch Butterfly

 

Monarch Butterfly

(Danaus plexippus)

 

The adult Monarch is a bright orange butterfly

 

with heavy black veins and a wide black border

 

containing two rows of white spots. The

 

wingspan is about 10 cm. Monarchs can be

 

distinguished from the smaller but similar

 

Viceroy by the absence of an inner margin of

 

black on the hind wings. Monarch larvae or

 

caterpillars are striped yellow, black and white;

 

they grow to about 5 cm in length. The

 

distinctive gold-green chrysalis suspends from a

 

milkweed leaf or branch.

 

Breeding habitat is confined to where milkweed grows, since the leaves of these plants are the

 

sole food of the caterpillars. Different species of milkweeds grow in a variety of environments,

 

including meadows, along roadsides and in ditches, open wetlands, dry sandy areas, short and

 

tall grass prairies, river banks, irrigation ditches, arid valleys and south facing hillsides.

 

Milkweed grows in the Elliot Lake area and thus a high potential for the Monarch to occur. The

 

Butterfly atlas has indicated records of monarch butterflies occurring in our area.

 

Monarch annually migrate south, beginning in August and continuing until mid-October.

 


Birds

 

Birds

Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus)

 

 

 

Medium-sized birds with a large, rounded head and a stout

 

chest that tapers to a long tail and wings, giving them a

 

distinctly front-heavy look. Patterned with a complicated

 

mottling of gray and brown, which camouflages them nearly

 

perfectly with leaf litter or tree bark. They have a blackish

 

throat bordered at the bottom by a neat, white bib. Males have

 

white corners to the tail; on females, these spots are dull buff.

 

Habitat: Dry, open, deciduous woodlands with small to medium trees, generally oak or beech

 

with lots of clearings and shaded leaf litter; wooded edges and forest clearings with little

 

herbaceous growth; associated with forests >100 ha.

 

Don't disturb or harass the birds or nesting sites. Be respectful and observe from a distance.

Raptor Nests

Can be identified by the presence of stick nests within tops or crotches of trees.

 

-don't disturb or harass the birds or nesting sites. Be respectful and observe from a

 

distance.

 

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Migratory Birds

When Canadians spot migratory ducks and geese, we know the seasons are changing. But these

 

flocks are just the beginning - approximately 450 native species of birds, the majority of which

 

are protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and are collectively referred to as

 

"migratory birds", make Canada their home for part of each year (April 1 to August 30). Canada

 

shares responsibility for conservation of migratory birds with the other countries they visit.

 

Environment Canada develops and implements policies and regulations to protect these birds and

 

the natural habitats in which they thrive.

 

The destruction of active migratory bird nests is prohibited.

 

For more information:

 

Migratory Birds Convention Act (MBCA)

 

https://www.ec.gc.ca/nature/default.asp?lang=En&n=7CEBB77D-1

 

Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act

 

http://www.canlii.org/en/on/laws/stat/so-1997-c-41/latest/so-1997-c-41.html

 

List of Migratory Birds

 

https://www.ec.gc.ca/nature/default.asp?lang=En&n=421B7A9D-1

 


Bears

 

Bears

There is a good chance you will encounter a bear while enjoying you waterfront property,

 

you are now living in their house.

 

The City of Elliot Lake is a strong proponent of the Bear Wise program which educates you in

 

how to minimize your contact with and how to handle bear encounters.

 

Bear Wise educational seminars are offered through the Friends of Algoma East. They can be

 

contacted at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Please put “Bear Presentation” in the Subject Line.

 

You are encouraged to participate in this valuable program.

 

To find out more details of the Bear Wise Program please visit:

 

https://www.ontario.ca/environment-and-energy/report-bear-problem-bear-wise

Report a Bear Problem

Emergency encounters

 

Call 911 or local police (705 848 6975), if a bear poses an immediate threat to personal safety:

 

- enters or tries to enter a residence

 

- stalks pets and lingers at the site

 

- stalks people and lingers at the site

 

Non-emergency encounters

 

Call the Bear Wise reporting line: 1-866-514-2327 (April 1-November 30)

 

If a bear is:

 

- roaming around, checking garbage cans

 

- breaking into a shed where garbage or food is stored

 

- in a tree : Leave it alone, walk away and it will leave on it's own.

 

- pulling down a bird feeder or knocking over a barbecue

 

- moving through a backyard or field but is not lingering

How to prevent encounters

Bears usually avoid humans. Don’t give them a reason to visit.

 

When bears pick up a scent with their keen noses, they will investigate it.

 

If bears are rewarded with feasts of bird food, garbage or pet food, they will return as long as the

 

food source is available.

 

- Never purposely feed bears (or other wildlife) or try to approach them

 

- limit food sources

 

- put garbage in containers that have tight-fitting lids

 

26

 

- take garbage to the dumpsters often

 

- frequently wash garbage cans, recycling containers and lids with a strong-smelling disinfectant

 

- fill bird feeders only through the winter months

 

- do not leave pet food outdoors, in screened- in areas or porches

 

- do not leave your pets (dogs) off leash unless they are in an enclosure to avoid dangerous pet

 

bear encounters

 

- do not put meat, fish or fruit in composters outside (keep scraps in the freezer until garbage day)

 

- pick all ripe fruit from trees and bushes and fallen fruit off the ground

 

- remove grease and food residue from barbecue grills, including the grease cup underneath, after

 

each use

 

- inform cottage renters of how to avoid attracting bears to the property

 

Take safety precautions

 

- make noise as you move about (e.g., singing, whistling or talking will alert bears to your

 

presence, giving them a chance to avoid you)

 

- carry and have a readily-accessible whistle or air horn

 

- learn how to use bear pepper spray and carry it readily accessible

If you encounter a bear

Stop. Do not panic. Remain calm.

 

- do not try to get closer to the bear for a better look or picture

 

- make sure the bear has a clear escape route — don’t corner a bear

 

- always watch the bear, if the bear does not get closer to you, slowly back away, talking to the

 

bear in a quiet, monotone voice until the bear is out of sight

 

- get inside, if you are near a building or vehicle

 

- leave the area, if you are berry-picking, hiking, camping, jogging or cycling

 

- if you are with others, stay together and act as a group

 

Do not:

 

- scream

 

- turn your back on the bear

 

- run

 

- kneel down

 

- make direct eye contact

 

- climb a tree

 

- retreat into water or try and swim — a bear can do these things much better than you

 


Bats

 

 

Eat insects ....mosquitoes and black flies!

Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus)

 

Northern Myotis (Myotis eptentrionalis)

 

Eastern Small-footed Bat (Myotis leibii)

 

 

 

Habitat: Uses a variety of roosting habitats including:

 

hollow trees, snags,under loose bark, under rocks, in

 

rock outcrops, wetlands, quarries, tunnels, in buildings

 

(attics, barns, outbuildings), under bridges, in caves and

 

mines Winters in caves and abandoned mines. Feeds

 

primarily in wetlands and within forests below the

 

canopy.

 

How can you help:

 

- Minimize removal of snag (dead or deteriorating) and cavity (hollow or excavated) trees to

 

ensure you don’t unknowingly harm bats that are using the tree as habitat.

 

- Clearing of trees should be conducted between Sept 1 and April 30.

 

- Build a bat box.

 


Fishing

 

Fishing

As a property owner on a lake you are subject to the same rules and regulations afforded to all

 

other fishers. All the lakes, that the City is developing for residential development, are within the

 

Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry fishing zone 10. For more information visit:

 

https://www.ontario.ca/travel-and-recreation/ontario-fishing-regulations-summary

 

Please do not dump surplus baitfish into lakes, not only is it illegal, it can unwillingly introduce

 

new species into lakes, often with unintended or harmful consequences.

Invasive Species

Invading species are one of the greatest threats to the biodiversity of Ontario’s waters and

 

woodlands. Originating from other regions of the world, and in the absence of their natural

 

predators or controls, invading species can have devastating effects on native species, habitats

 

and ecosystems.

 

More than 185 non-indigenous species have become established in the Great Lakes basin.

 

Invasive species, such as the Zebra Mussel, Sea Lamprey and Round Goby, are aggressive,

 

extremely adaptable, and have high reproduction rates enabling them to spread. Unchecked,

 

these invaders will out compete native fish and wildlife and unbalance natural ecosystems.

 

Invasive species are often extremely difficult, if not impossible to remove once established in a

 

new environment. It is important to prevent the introduction and/or spread of invasive species.

 

How you can help:

 

- Learn how to identify invasive species that are a threat to Ontario

 

- Never release live fish or baitfish from one body of water into another

 

- Drain lake or river water from your boat, livewell, motor and bilge

 

- Never release aquarium or watergarden pets or plants into waterways

 

- Inspect and remove aquatic plants from your boat, motor, or trailer

 

- Don't move wood and use local firewood when camping

 

- Stay on trails; remove mud and plant debris before you leave

 

- Report new sightings – take a photo and call the Invading Species Hotline

 

1-800-563-7711 On-line www.eddmaps.org/ontario Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 


General Wildlife Stewardship

 

General Wildlife Stewardship

The following mitigation measures are recommended as best management practices to reduce the

 

impacts of work on your property to the natural environment (including candidate Species at

 

Risk habitat)

 

- Flag the work area: Access and activity will be limited to the designated work areas to

 

minimize disturbance to adjacent wildlife habitat. This area should be delineated in

 

the field using stakes, tape etc. and removed when work is completed.

 

- Check work area each day: Snakes and turtles are attracted to the roadway, embankment,

 

temporary stockpiles and machinery, as these surfaces absorb heat from the sun and

 

are suitable for reptile basking. If in immediate danger (collision with traffic /

 

construction equipment) reptiles will be moved to adjacent habitat without harm (to

 

worker or reptile) by using a shovel or stick and bucket.

 

- Avoid use of erosion control products with plastic netting. Rock rip rap, various mulches,

 

and polyethylene sheeting may be effective alternatives.

 

- Avoid use of heavy duty silt fencing reinforced with mesh netting.

 

- Remove temporary erosion control measures: These devices can act as a barrier to

 

wildlife and impede their movement.

 


Species at Risk

 

 

Species at Risk

The Elliot Lake area is blessed with rich habitat for an abundant species of wildlife.

 

During the Natural Heritage Assessments, that were performed prior to any development, habit

 

was identified that could sustain a number of species at risk. This is good news as you may be

 

able to observe some species that are becoming a rare site. You now also have the responsibly to

 

help these creatures survive.

 

Familiarize yourself with the Endangered Species Act. You may unwittingly be violating laws

 

that carry stiff penalties.

 

Preamble: http://www.ec.gc.ca/alef-ewe/default.asp?lang=en&n=ED2FFC37-1

 

The Act: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/S-15.3/

 

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry tracks species at risk. You can use a handy

 

online form to report your sightings to the Natural Heritage Information Centre.

 

https://www.ontario.ca/environment-and-energy/report-rare-species-animals-and-plants

 

Photographs with specific locations or mapping coordinates are always helpful.

 

If you find a species at risk on your land, you may be eligible for stewardship programs that

 

support the protection and recovery of species at risk and their habitats.

 

The next page shows Species at Risk that have been identified in the Sault Ste Marie District.

 

Following that are some species that have been identified in this area, their preferred habitat and

 

what you can do to prevent disturbance or enhance their habitat.

Sault Ste. Marie District Species at Risk (March 17, 2015)

At Risk Status - Endangered (END), Threatened (THR), Special Concern (SC)

 

Species Common Name

 

Species At Risk in

 

Ontario - (SARO)

 

Species at Risk Act

 

(Federal Listing) -

 

(SARA)

 

American Chestnut END END

 

American Eel END No Status

 

Butternut END END

 

Cougar or Mountain Lion END Data Deficient

 

Eastern Small-footed Myotis END No Status

 

Golden Eagle END Not At Risk

 

Henslow's Sparrow END END

 

Hickorynut END No Status

 

King Rail END END

 

28

 

Kirtland's Warbler END END

 

Little Brown Myotis END No Status

 

Loggerhead Shrike END END

 

Northern Myotis END No Status

 

Redside Dace END SC

 

Shortnose Cisco END END

 

Wood Turtle END THR

 

American White Pelican THR Not At Risk

 

Bank Swallow THR No Status

 

Barn Swallow THR No Status

 

Blanding's Turtle THR THR

 

Bobolink THR No Status

 

Chimney Swift THR THR

 

Eastern Meadowlark THR No Status

 

Flooded Jellyskin THR THR

 

Lake Sturgeon (Great Lakes - Upper St.

 

Lawrence population)

 

THR No Status

 

Least Bittern THR THR

 

Massasauga Rattlesnake THR THR

 

Shortjaw Cisco THR THR

 

Whip-poor-will THR No Status

 

Bald Eagle SC Not At Risk

 

Black Tern SC Not At Risk

 

Canada Warbler SC THR

 

Cerulean Warbler SC SC

 

Common Five-lined Skink SC SC

 

Common Nighthawk SC THR

 

Eastern Wolf SC SC

 

Eastern Wood-Peewee SC No Status

 

Golden-winged Warbler SC THR

 

Milksnake SC SC

 

Monarch Butterfly SC SC

 

Northern Brook Lamprey SC SC

 

Olive-sided Flycatcher SC THR

 

Peregrine Falcon SC SC

 

Red-headed Woodpecker SC THR

 


Turtles

 

Turtles

Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)

 

 

 

Medium-sized, long-lived (80+ years), freshwater turtles,

 

which are slightly smaller than a bike helmet when full

 

grown. They have a high-domed, dark gray shell with

 

yellow flecks, and a long, bright yellow throat.

 

Habitat: Shallow water marshes, bogs, ponds or swamps,

 

and coves of larger lakes, with soft muddy bottoms and

 

aquatic vegetation; bask on logs, stumps, or banks; most

 

commonly hibernate in bogs and are not readily

 

observed

 

Females nest on cobble beaches, roadsides, old woods

 

roads, gravel pits and even in gardens! Females do not lay eggs until around 20 years old, which

 

magnifies the impacts to the species when adults are lost due to human activity.

Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina)

 

 

 

The largest freshwater turtle in Canada.

 

Ontario’s most prehistoric-looking turtle species. Its long tail

 

has a series of triangular spikes along the top that are

 

reminiscent of those of a stegosaurus. The upper shell is tan

 

or olive to black in colour, has a coarsely serrated front edge

 

and three longitudinal ridges, and is often covered with algae.

 

The upper shell length in adulthood averages 25–47 cm (10–

 

19 in).

 

Habitat: Any freshwater environment, though it is most often

 

found in slow-moving water with a soft mud or sand bottom and abundant vegetation. May

 

inhabit surprisingly small wetlands, ponds and ditches. It hibernates in the mud or silt on the

 

bottom of lakes and rivers, usually not too far from the shore. Females do not begin to breed until

 

they are 17 to 19 years old. Lifespan in the wild is poorly known, but long-term mark-recapture

 

data from Algonquin Park in Ontario, Canada suggest a maximum age over 100 years.

 

How can you help:

 

- keep your eyes open for them on a road

 

- don't disturb or harass the turtles or nesting sites. Be respectful and observe from a distance.

 

- do not drain wetlands

- follow steps as outlined in General Wildlife Stewardship

 


Welcome To Our New Web Site

Lakeshore Properties is in the process of developing this new and improved web site. Please feel free to check it out often as we will be posting new items frequently. There  currently are lots for sale on Popeye Lake at new unbelievable prices.