Cottage Information

Monarch Butterfly


Monarch Butterfly

(Danaus plexippus)


The adult Monarch is a bright orange butterfly


with heavy black veins and a wide black border


containing two rows of white spots. The


wingspan is about 10 cm. Monarchs can be


distinguished from the smaller but similar


Viceroy by the absence of an inner margin of


black on the hind wings. Monarch larvae or


caterpillars are striped yellow, black and white;


they grow to about 5 cm in length. The


distinctive gold-green chrysalis suspends from a


milkweed leaf or branch.


Breeding habitat is confined to where milkweed grows, since the leaves of these plants are the


sole food of the caterpillars. Different species of milkweeds grow in a variety of environments,


including meadows, along roadsides and in ditches, open wetlands, dry sandy areas, short and


tall grass prairies, river banks, irrigation ditches, arid valleys and south facing hillsides.


Milkweed grows in the Elliot Lake area and thus a high potential for the Monarch to occur. The


Butterfly atlas has indicated records of monarch butterflies occurring in our area.


Monarch annually migrate south, beginning in August and continuing until mid-October.





Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus)




Medium-sized birds with a large, rounded head and a stout


chest that tapers to a long tail and wings, giving them a


distinctly front-heavy look. Patterned with a complicated


mottling of gray and brown, which camouflages them nearly


perfectly with leaf litter or tree bark. They have a blackish


throat bordered at the bottom by a neat, white bib. Males have


white corners to the tail; on females, these spots are dull buff.


Habitat: Dry, open, deciduous woodlands with small to medium trees, generally oak or beech


with lots of clearings and shaded leaf litter; wooded edges and forest clearings with little


herbaceous growth; associated with forests >100 ha.


Don't disturb or harass the birds or nesting sites. Be respectful and observe from a distance.

Raptor Nests

Can be identified by the presence of stick nests within tops or crotches of trees.


-don't disturb or harass the birds or nesting sites. Be respectful and observe from a





Migratory Birds

When Canadians spot migratory ducks and geese, we know the seasons are changing. But these


flocks are just the beginning - approximately 450 native species of birds, the majority of which


are protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and are collectively referred to as


"migratory birds", make Canada their home for part of each year (April 1 to August 30). Canada


shares responsibility for conservation of migratory birds with the other countries they visit.


Environment Canada develops and implements policies and regulations to protect these birds and


the natural habitats in which they thrive.


The destruction of active migratory bird nests is prohibited.


For more information:


Migratory Birds Convention Act (MBCA)


Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act


List of Migratory Birds





There is a good chance you will encounter a bear while enjoying you waterfront property,


you are now living in their house.


The City of Elliot Lake is a strong proponent of the Bear Wise program which educates you in


how to minimize your contact with and how to handle bear encounters.


Bear Wise educational seminars are offered through the Friends of Algoma East. They can be


contacted at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Please put “Bear Presentation” in the Subject Line.


You are encouraged to participate in this valuable program.


To find out more details of the Bear Wise Program please visit:

Report a Bear Problem

Emergency encounters


Call 911 or local police (705 848 6975), if a bear poses an immediate threat to personal safety:


- enters or tries to enter a residence


- stalks pets and lingers at the site


- stalks people and lingers at the site


Non-emergency encounters


Call the Bear Wise reporting line: 1-866-514-2327 (April 1-November 30)


If a bear is:


- roaming around, checking garbage cans


- breaking into a shed where garbage or food is stored


- in a tree : Leave it alone, walk away and it will leave on it's own.


- pulling down a bird feeder or knocking over a barbecue


- moving through a backyard or field but is not lingering

How to prevent encounters

Bears usually avoid humans. Don’t give them a reason to visit.


When bears pick up a scent with their keen noses, they will investigate it.


If bears are rewarded with feasts of bird food, garbage or pet food, they will return as long as the


food source is available.


- Never purposely feed bears (or other wildlife) or try to approach them


- limit food sources


- put garbage in containers that have tight-fitting lids




- take garbage to the dumpsters often


- frequently wash garbage cans, recycling containers and lids with a strong-smelling disinfectant


- fill bird feeders only through the winter months


- do not leave pet food outdoors, in screened- in areas or porches


- do not leave your pets (dogs) off leash unless they are in an enclosure to avoid dangerous pet


bear encounters


- do not put meat, fish or fruit in composters outside (keep scraps in the freezer until garbage day)


- pick all ripe fruit from trees and bushes and fallen fruit off the ground


- remove grease and food residue from barbecue grills, including the grease cup underneath, after


each use


- inform cottage renters of how to avoid attracting bears to the property


Take safety precautions


- make noise as you move about (e.g., singing, whistling or talking will alert bears to your


presence, giving them a chance to avoid you)


- carry and have a readily-accessible whistle or air horn


- learn how to use bear pepper spray and carry it readily accessible

If you encounter a bear

Stop. Do not panic. Remain calm.


- do not try to get closer to the bear for a better look or picture


- make sure the bear has a clear escape route — don’t corner a bear


- always watch the bear, if the bear does not get closer to you, slowly back away, talking to the


bear in a quiet, monotone voice until the bear is out of sight


- get inside, if you are near a building or vehicle


- leave the area, if you are berry-picking, hiking, camping, jogging or cycling


- if you are with others, stay together and act as a group


Do not:


- scream


- turn your back on the bear


- run


- kneel down


- make direct eye contact


- climb a tree


- retreat into water or try and swim — a bear can do these things much better than you





Eat insects ....mosquitoes and black flies!

Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus)


Northern Myotis (Myotis eptentrionalis)


Eastern Small-footed Bat (Myotis leibii)




Habitat: Uses a variety of roosting habitats including:


hollow trees, snags,under loose bark, under rocks, in


rock outcrops, wetlands, quarries, tunnels, in buildings


(attics, barns, outbuildings), under bridges, in caves and


mines Winters in caves and abandoned mines. Feeds


primarily in wetlands and within forests below the




How can you help:


- Minimize removal of snag (dead or deteriorating) and cavity (hollow or excavated) trees to


ensure you don’t unknowingly harm bats that are using the tree as habitat.


- Clearing of trees should be conducted between Sept 1 and April 30.


- Build a bat box.





As a property owner on a lake you are subject to the same rules and regulations afforded to all


other fishers. All the lakes, that the City is developing for residential development, are within the


Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry fishing zone 10. For more information visit:


Please do not dump surplus baitfish into lakes, not only is it illegal, it can unwillingly introduce


new species into lakes, often with unintended or harmful consequences.

Invasive Species

Invading species are one of the greatest threats to the biodiversity of Ontario’s waters and


woodlands. Originating from other regions of the world, and in the absence of their natural


predators or controls, invading species can have devastating effects on native species, habitats


and ecosystems.


More than 185 non-indigenous species have become established in the Great Lakes basin.


Invasive species, such as the Zebra Mussel, Sea Lamprey and Round Goby, are aggressive,


extremely adaptable, and have high reproduction rates enabling them to spread. Unchecked,


these invaders will out compete native fish and wildlife and unbalance natural ecosystems.


Invasive species are often extremely difficult, if not impossible to remove once established in a


new environment. It is important to prevent the introduction and/or spread of invasive species.


How you can help:


- Learn how to identify invasive species that are a threat to Ontario


- Never release live fish or baitfish from one body of water into another


- Drain lake or river water from your boat, livewell, motor and bilge


- Never release aquarium or watergarden pets or plants into waterways


- Inspect and remove aquatic plants from your boat, motor, or trailer


- Don't move wood and use local firewood when camping


- Stay on trails; remove mud and plant debris before you leave


- Report new sightings – take a photo and call the Invading Species Hotline


1-800-563-7711 On-line Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


General Wildlife Stewardship


General Wildlife Stewardship

The following mitigation measures are recommended as best management practices to reduce the


impacts of work on your property to the natural environment (including candidate Species at


Risk habitat)


- Flag the work area: Access and activity will be limited to the designated work areas to


minimize disturbance to adjacent wildlife habitat. This area should be delineated in


the field using stakes, tape etc. and removed when work is completed.


- Check work area each day: Snakes and turtles are attracted to the roadway, embankment,


temporary stockpiles and machinery, as these surfaces absorb heat from the sun and


are suitable for reptile basking. If in immediate danger (collision with traffic /


construction equipment) reptiles will be moved to adjacent habitat without harm (to


worker or reptile) by using a shovel or stick and bucket.


- Avoid use of erosion control products with plastic netting. Rock rip rap, various mulches,


and polyethylene sheeting may be effective alternatives.


- Avoid use of heavy duty silt fencing reinforced with mesh netting.


- Remove temporary erosion control measures: These devices can act as a barrier to


wildlife and impede their movement.


Species at Risk



Species at Risk

The Elliot Lake area is blessed with rich habitat for an abundant species of wildlife.


During the Natural Heritage Assessments, that were performed prior to any development, habit


was identified that could sustain a number of species at risk. This is good news as you may be


able to observe some species that are becoming a rare site. You now also have the responsibly to


help these creatures survive.


Familiarize yourself with the Endangered Species Act. You may unwittingly be violating laws


that carry stiff penalties.




The Act:


The Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry tracks species at risk. You can use a handy


online form to report your sightings to the Natural Heritage Information Centre.


Photographs with specific locations or mapping coordinates are always helpful.


If you find a species at risk on your land, you may be eligible for stewardship programs that


support the protection and recovery of species at risk and their habitats.


The next page shows Species at Risk that have been identified in the Sault Ste Marie District.


Following that are some species that have been identified in this area, their preferred habitat and


what you can do to prevent disturbance or enhance their habitat.

Sault Ste. Marie District Species at Risk (March 17, 2015)

At Risk Status - Endangered (END), Threatened (THR), Special Concern (SC)


Species Common Name


Species At Risk in


Ontario - (SARO)


Species at Risk Act


(Federal Listing) -




American Chestnut END END


American Eel END No Status


Butternut END END


Cougar or Mountain Lion END Data Deficient


Eastern Small-footed Myotis END No Status


Golden Eagle END Not At Risk


Henslow's Sparrow END END


Hickorynut END No Status


King Rail END END




Kirtland's Warbler END END


Little Brown Myotis END No Status


Loggerhead Shrike END END


Northern Myotis END No Status


Redside Dace END SC


Shortnose Cisco END END


Wood Turtle END THR


American White Pelican THR Not At Risk


Bank Swallow THR No Status


Barn Swallow THR No Status


Blanding's Turtle THR THR


Bobolink THR No Status


Chimney Swift THR THR


Eastern Meadowlark THR No Status


Flooded Jellyskin THR THR


Lake Sturgeon (Great Lakes - Upper St.


Lawrence population)


THR No Status


Least Bittern THR THR


Massasauga Rattlesnake THR THR


Shortjaw Cisco THR THR


Whip-poor-will THR No Status


Bald Eagle SC Not At Risk


Black Tern SC Not At Risk


Canada Warbler SC THR


Cerulean Warbler SC SC


Common Five-lined Skink SC SC


Common Nighthawk SC THR


Eastern Wolf SC SC


Eastern Wood-Peewee SC No Status


Golden-winged Warbler SC THR


Milksnake SC SC


Monarch Butterfly SC SC


Northern Brook Lamprey SC SC


Olive-sided Flycatcher SC THR


Peregrine Falcon SC SC


Red-headed Woodpecker SC THR





Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)




Medium-sized, long-lived (80+ years), freshwater turtles,


which are slightly smaller than a bike helmet when full


grown. They have a high-domed, dark gray shell with


yellow flecks, and a long, bright yellow throat.


Habitat: Shallow water marshes, bogs, ponds or swamps,


and coves of larger lakes, with soft muddy bottoms and


aquatic vegetation; bask on logs, stumps, or banks; most


commonly hibernate in bogs and are not readily




Females nest on cobble beaches, roadsides, old woods


roads, gravel pits and even in gardens! Females do not lay eggs until around 20 years old, which


magnifies the impacts to the species when adults are lost due to human activity.

Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina)




The largest freshwater turtle in Canada.


Ontario’s most prehistoric-looking turtle species. Its long tail


has a series of triangular spikes along the top that are


reminiscent of those of a stegosaurus. The upper shell is tan


or olive to black in colour, has a coarsely serrated front edge


and three longitudinal ridges, and is often covered with algae.


The upper shell length in adulthood averages 25–47 cm (10–


19 in).


Habitat: Any freshwater environment, though it is most often


found in slow-moving water with a soft mud or sand bottom and abundant vegetation. May


inhabit surprisingly small wetlands, ponds and ditches. It hibernates in the mud or silt on the


bottom of lakes and rivers, usually not too far from the shore. Females do not begin to breed until


they are 17 to 19 years old. Lifespan in the wild is poorly known, but long-term mark-recapture


data from Algonquin Park in Ontario, Canada suggest a maximum age over 100 years.


How can you help:


- keep your eyes open for them on a road


- don't disturb or harass the turtles or nesting sites. Be respectful and observe from a distance.


- do not drain wetlands

- follow steps as outlined in General Wildlife Stewardship


Welcome To Our New Web Site

Lakeshore Properties is in the process of developing this new and improved web site. Please feel free to check it out often as we will be posting new items frequently. There  currently are lots for sale on Popeye Lake at new unbelievable prices.